iOS application development is one of the most popular and efficient ways to develop custom mobile applications. The entire process of iOS app development involves several stages, from conceptualization to deployment. Each stage requires different skills and tools.
Apple provides the hardware including, iPod, iPad, and iPhone to develop an application using programming languages like Swift and Objective C. These developed applications are then deployed to the App store for users to download.
If you want to design and develop iOS applications, you need XCode as a graphical interface for writing applications that include tools, compilers, frameworks, and iOS SDK.
iOS Software Development Kit (SDK)
iOS SDK enables you to add voice interaction using Sirikit, expand viewing and listening, manipulate the iPhone camera and add iMessage Business Chat to an application. Cocoa Touch frameworks are essential development kits like Gamekit, Foundation Kit, UIKit, PushKit and MapKit.
Swift: Swift is an open-source programming language and easy to learn due to its simpler and easy syntax. It manages memory efficiently and makes code more reliable. Swift can handle common programming errors through modern programming patterns such as variables, array indices and integers.
C#: C# is an object-oriented and cross-platform programming language along with Xamarin. Xamarin builds on C# that enables you to share a code for multiple platforms between iOS applications that streamline their development and support.
Objective C: Objective C is an object-oriented programming language that is used to add features to an iOS application supporting encapsulation, inheritance and polymorphism. The main aim of this language is to make you an effective programmer who designs new systems and maintains old ones.
Java: Java is a general-purpose programming language for creating Android and iOS applications. It makes code an incredibly reliable and fast cross-platform programming language that does not require any compilation to run on any platform.
Flutter: Flutter provides instant reload and fast experience which allows you to view recent changes without losing any relevant data. It has various ready-to-go widgets that can be implemented while developing an application. Flutter allows the user interface to refresh without making any unwanted changes as well as saves extra time using JIT (Just-In-Time).
Benefits of iOS Application Development for Businesses
Cross-Platform Development: You can develop different cross-platform iOS applications using hybrid app development frameworks like React Native, Xamarin and Flutter. It is efficient to increase the user base through the option of targeting other platforms as well.
Native Functionality: Swift is the programming language that allows your organization to take advantage of this native functionality and have more focus on iOS applications. This feature increases the demand of your users by delivering them high-quality products for any platform.
Web Availability: Web applications are prominent among businesses as they are available everywhere and are more appealing to users. We prefer apps that work in all content and lead to higher user attention for that.
Project Diversity: If you are planning to work on a project besides iOS applications, then multi-purpose programming languages take charge of that product. You as a developer will be able to tackle different types of challenges and become extremely flexible.
Native iOS Development Vs Cross-Platform App Development
Native App Development aims to design an application that can be customized to the specific features of iPhone devices or iOS platforms to give a seamless user experience. Native applications can only work on iPhone devices.
Cross-platform allows to development of an application covering multiple devices using a single application and reaches brand followers easily. These applications use frameworks like React Native and Xamarin for development.
Becoming an iOS Mobile App Developer
Selecting an iOS Language: For developing an iOS application, choose programming language wisely as two main languages: Objective C and Swift. Swift has been the official language of Apple since 2014 and is much easier to learn.
App Developer Program: You should enrol in an iOS app development program either individually or as an organization. It is free to develop and test applications on the App store but a membership fee is applied to review applications for the App store.
Downloading Xcode: Xcode is an Integrated Development Environment (IDE) for macOS that supports various programming languages for macOS, watchOS, iPadOS and tvOS applications development.
Design and Build App: SwiftUI describes the look of the user interface visually using declarative programming along with writing the code with Xcode and real-time UI preview.
Test and Deploy: Xcode offers a simulation app to see how the app will function on different platforms during the building phase. Furthermore, testing involves the use of the XCTest framework and iOS Unit tests on various levels of iOS and iPhones.
Testing iOS applications on real devices is essential for leading to unexpected issues with your application due to different operating system versions, the performance of real devices and modification in applications. Testing gives required information on users’ experience with the app on a real device.
Publish the App to the App Store
After completing the whole process from designing and testing, you should submit an application to the App store. You can create an App Store page using App Store Connect and then submit your application to the App store.
Choosing the best programming language and whole procedure leads to the success of an application on iOS and multi-platform. Your coding skills in different languages will enable you to become efficient in developing applications for iPhones and the web.